Difference Between Coding & Programming?

Last week one of my university juniors asked me this question! That, what’s the difference between Coding & Programming?

Then I thought I should write a post about it and try to explain. I believe it’s very important if you are working Software Industry you should know what you actually are!

Most people think both are the same thing! Not at all! There are differences between the two “worlds”. So let’s explore how professionals use them and try to understand the terms first by understanding what they mean.

What’s Coding?

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Coding is how we communicate with computers. Code tells a computer what actions to take and writing code is like creating a set of instructions.
In order to become a coder, you need to be able to write code in different programming languages such as Java, C, PHP & so on. With this knowledge, you will be able to provide instructions and information to the computer to execute the programs you or your team creates.

Coding involves writing code for creating a software program or any sort of application, website, game.

What’s Programming?

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There are many definitions of what programming is, but the one I prefer is: “Programming is how you get computers to solve problems.” There are two key phrases here which is important:

  • you: without the programmer (you), the computer is useless. It does what you tell it to do.
  • solve problems: computers are tools. They are complex tools, admittedly, but they are not mysterious or magical: they exist to make tasks easier.

In order to come up with a solution or an application, you will need to carry out a few steps:

  • planning the application
  • designing it
  • testing the features
  • deploying it
  • maintaining it after development is finished

So it’s only fair to say that programming not only deals with coding but also implementing algorithms and much more.

Let me try to explain it in a simpler way so you can get a better understanding.

For example, you can program your watch to wake you up at 7 AM. Also, you can program the AC to come on at the temperature that you have chosen. These devices have code on the backend that works based on a set of instructions given by the user.

The Differences Between Coding and Programming in Brief:

  1. Basic Difference:
    Coding is a part of programming that deals with writing code that a machine can translate. Programming is the process of creating a program that follows certain standards and performs a certain task.
  2. Scope:
    Coding is about translating the requirement logic into machine-understandable code. In contrast, programming demands analysis and conceptualization of different aspects of any program and finding solutions to any issues that may occur during the process. It also involves critical parameters such as debugging, compiling, testing, and implementation.
  3. Tools:
    Coding doesn’t require as many software tools since it’s just an act of code translation to machine-readable form. Just a simple text editor like notepad or WordPad is enough. As a coder, you just need to know the details of the syntax of any programming language.
    Programming requires that you perform document reviews and analysis along with coding that requires extra tools. These tools include code analyzing tools, databases, testing frameworks, compilers, assemblers, debuggers, and modeling algorithms. A programmer needs lots of experience to obtain these skills.
  4. Expertise:
    Coders should have basic knowledge of programming.
    Programmers should have experience in creating algorithms, understanding requirements, processing data, modeling problems, and managing projects – these are just some of the practical skills needed.
  5. Outcome:
    While coding, your expected outcome is part of or the whole project. The code acts as a set of instructions given to the computer.
    On the other hand, programming yields the whole application, software products, or a website that’s ready to use.

So, how both Coding and Programming works together?

Let’s explain this using an example to get a better understanding. Imagine we are creating an app to monitor something like our daily routine for us. How will these two different fields work together?

First the programmer will have to:

  • plan the architechture of the app,
  • list down features of the app
  • designing the app

After the programmer is done with these first steps, they hand it over to the coder.
Now the coder will transform the ideas into code. After this process is done, the completed code is given back to the programmer.

Now the programmer will go through the code do some polishing by debugging, checking for errors, and doing tests before publishing the final product.
Now you can see how these two fields have come across together to work on an idea and produce something that’s usable.

Final Words:

Often people confuse programming & coding; hope by now you agree that they are distinctively different after comparing coding vs. programming with a number of factors.

Coding is the primary step and translates the requirements and codes to convert into a machine-readable syntax. Still, programming deals with the executable programs to produce the mechanical outputs following the inputs and requires the knowledge of the complete software development life cycle.

Top Programming Languages To Learn In 2017

A lot of people  search over the internet or ask me about what programming languages they must learn. I found myself in a troublesome scenario because this is often a very hard question to answer o to decide.There are a lot of things that need to be taken under consideration before making a choice, particularly when it involves that programming language you should learn.

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When it comes to tech, staying ahead of the curve is a pretty good idea. In such an innovative and fast-paced industry, new technologies are emerging every week, every day… basically all the time!

The future of coding requires stability and good practices so our innovations will work. In fact, our projects are often so much bigger now, we need the innovation more than ever.
According to my research, these are the programming languages you should be focusing in 2017:
-CoffeeScript
-D
-Go
-Hack
-JAVA
-JavaScript
Less.js
-Python

-Ruby
-Rust
-SQL
-Swift
Don’t worry about the serial! I’ve just ordered alphabetically ?  

CoffeeScript
Somewhere along the line, some JavaScript programmers grew tired of typing all those semicolons and curly brackets. So they created CoffeeScript, a preprocessing tool that turns their syntactic shorthand back into regular JavaScript. It’s not as much a language as a way to save time hitting all those semicolons and curly bracket keys.

D
Hearing this for the first time? Any good programmer already knows plenty about D. It has been around for well over a decade, has been utilized by web giants such as Facebook, and has built up a consistent and loyal following.

‘D’ is an object oriented multi-paradigm system programming language. ‘D’ is actually developed by re-engineering C++ programming language but it is distinct programming language that not only takes in some features of C++ but also some features of other programming languages such as Java, C#, Python and Ruby.

Let’s start learning D!

Go
Google’s Go programming language (Golang) has been ‘up and coming’ for a few years now. In 2016 its popularity skyrocketed, so 2017 is guaranteed to be the year when everybody – and we mean everybody – starts using Go. It’s the epitome of all of the biggest programming trends of late; it emphasizes simplicity, high performance, efficiency and in-built support. And most significantly, it’s easy to learn.

In the last 12 months in particular start-ups have made it their language of choice. Proving a very dangerous rival to the likes of Ruby and Node.

Want to start learning Go? Let’s start!

Hack
Hack is a programming language for the HipHop Virtual Machine (HHVM), created by Facebook as a dialect of PHP. The language implementation is open-source.

So you do not know about Hack? This programming language is brought by Facebook. Basically, it is holding up a feature on one of the most popular and successful websites. See why you need to learn this language? Just like Google, Facebook is not going anywhere. If you want to be part of the programming future, learn this language!

Java
Most common programming language as on the day. Used for Android development and most of the financial systems around the world. Java is prominently preferred for its speed and performance. Rated best programming language to learn for years, it’s always good to keep your skills updated.

JavaScript
JavaScript isn’t exactly new, but it is ubiquitous and that’s not going to change any time soon. It has uses in anything web-related and a lot more besides, and the amount of activities the general population is conducting over the web is forever increasing. Java has held the top spot on the TIOBE index for the last few years, and its percentage share increases year on year too.

So why is JavaScript so popular? For a start, it’s ‘the’ language of the web – no JavaScript, no web. Secondly, the mere fact that it’s so popular continues to boost its popularity! There are endless other reasons too; it’s supported by every browser, it can be run as a server side language, it’s not all that difficult to learn and has a huge open source community…. we could go on and on. Basically as long as the web is around, JavaScript will be around.

Less.js
Just like CoffeeScript, Less.js is really just a preprocessor for your files, one that makes it easier to create elaborate CSS files. Anyone who has tried to build a list of layout rules for even the simplest website knows that creating basic CSS requires plenty of repetition; Less.jshandles all this repetition with loops, variables, and other basic programming constructs. You can, for instance, create a variable to hold that shade of green used as both a background and a highlight color. If the boss wants to change it, you only need to update one spot.

Python
This open source language has been popular for 30 years and on the rise for 10 years. An ideal first language with which to learn programming. The most taught language in US universities including M.I.T. and Stanford. This dynamic type language is used for robotic, mathematical and basic gaming applications.

Ruby
Ruby is already a firm favorite with start-ups and has been for quite some time. Even with some competitive rival languages joining its ranks, its popularity doesn’t seem to be waning. But should we just expect more of the same in 2017? Well, yes and no. Ruby is particularly suited to solo programmers and niche projects (hence why it was so popular with start-ups). And more and more programmers are choosing to make their living by freelancing or taking on… you guessed it, niche projects.

So if you’re planning a code-as-you-go career, want to set up your own programming or development business, or just want to take on some freelance work on the side, look no further than Ruby and join the ever-growing club.

Thinking why you should learn Ruby? Have a look here.

Rust
Rust is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language sponsored by Mozilla Research. It is designed to be a “safe, concurrent, and practical language”, supporting functional and imperative-procedural paradigms.

Mozilla launched this programming language in 2014 and the number of users has increased significantly in 2016. It is believed that it will do just as exponentially in 2017 as well. If you are planning to learn programming for the first time, this is definitely one of the languages to learn.

SQL
As more and more people are getting on-board technology, the database has been increasing exponentially.If you are interested in managing the database, SQL is made for you. Termed Special purpose language, SQL is made for a special purpose, unlike general purpose language. Used almost everywhere where database management is required. SQL is a great skill to learn.

Swift
Apple saw an opportunity when programming newbies complained about the endless mess of writing in Objective C. So they introduced Swift and strongly implied that it would replace Objective C for writing for the Mac or the iPhone. They recognized that creating header files and juggling pointers was antiquated. Swift hides this information, making it much more like writing in a modern language like Java or Python. Finally, the language is doing all the scut work, just like the modern code.

Check the swift tutorial hereWant to learn more?