Agreement and Consideration in Contract

Agreement and Consideration in Contract: What You Need to Know

Contracts are an essential part of any business transaction. They outline the terms and conditions of a deal, ensuring that both parties understand their obligations and responsibilities. Two key elements of a valid contract are agreement and consideration. In this article, we’ll explore what these terms mean and their importance in contract law.


Agreement refers to the mutual understanding between two parties to enter into a contract. It is often referred to as the “meeting of the minds,” and it requires that both parties have a clear understanding of the terms and conditions of the contract they are entering into.

For an agreement to be legally binding, the following elements must be present:

1. Offer: One party must make an offer to enter into a contract.

2. Acceptance: The other party must accept the offer on the same terms.

3. Consideration: There must be some exchange of value between the parties. Consideration is discussed in more detail later in this article.

4. Intention to create legal relations: Both parties must have the intention to be legally bound by the terms of the contract.

If any of these elements are missing, the agreement may not be legally binding. For example, if one party makes an offer to another party, and the second party rejects the offer or makes a counter-offer, there is no agreement until both parties agree to the same terms.


Consideration refers to the exchange of something of value between the parties entering into a contract. It can be anything of value, including money, goods, or services. Consideration is essential to a contract because it establishes a sense of fairness and reciprocity between the parties.

Consideration can be:

1. Executed: When the consideration has already been provided before the contract was formed. For example, if someone pays for goods or services they have already received, the consideration is executed.

2. Executory: When the consideration is promised in the future. For example, if someone agrees to pay for goods or services that they will receive in the future, the consideration is executory.

Consideration must have some value, but it doesn’t need to be equal in value between the parties. For example, if a contractor agrees to paint a client’s house for $5,000, the consideration is the money paid by the client and the labor provided by the contractor. The value of the labor may be greater than the money paid, but that doesn’t invalidate the consideration.


Agreement and consideration are two essential elements of a valid contract. They establish the terms and conditions of a business transaction and ensure that both parties understand their obligations and responsibilities. Without these elements, a contract may not be legally binding, and the parties may not be able to enforce the terms of the agreement.

As a professional, it’s important to understand the legal terminology associated with contracts. Including these terms in your content can help you rank higher in search engines and provide readers with valuable information. Remember to always consult with legal professionals before entering into any binding agreements.